Anesthesia and dental implantation for beginners (part 1)

As is known, that anesthesia is one of the essential components of the dental implant surgery.

In the article, we will check basic methods of anesthesia during implantation. In addition, we will find out the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.

Today, dentists use different types of anesthesia: local anesthesia, general anesthesia, combined anesthesia and deep sedation.

Local anesthesia is the most common for dental implantation. There are several types of local anesthesia:

– For surface anesthesia dentists use lidocaine in the place for future surgery. The disadvantage is that such anesthesia is weak.

– Infiltration anesthesia or freezing is used in most cases in dentistry. This anesthesia is applied by injection and freezes tissues. This anesthesia good for patients, but does not have a long-term result.

– If the operation is carried out on the bones, the regional anesthesia is the best option. The dentist apply this anesthesia directly into the nerve that surrounds the tooth. Such kind of anesthesia may numb the specific area of the jaw.

– Nerve block anesthesia considered as strongest methods of local anesthesia. It is carried out by injection into the skull. This type of anesthesia directly affects the trigeminal nerve and the nerve endings in the jaw.

The main disadvantage of local anesthesia is an allergic reaction of patient. However only Novocain can cause such reactions.

Dental implantations sometimes require general anesthesia

This type of dental anesthesia is much more dangerous than the implantation itself. If surgery is performed under general anesthesia, an experienced anesthesiologist must present at all stages. Please remember that dentists use local anesthesia only in cases the local anesthesia cannot be applied.