Laser treatment of dental implant surface:  Pros and Cons

laserFrom the very beginning of the development of dental implant restoration method, the main problem is the improvement of a dental implant healing process. Scientists, designers and manufacturers have been trying to improve implant survival rate in all possible ways and have achieved the success. Today, the survival rate of the implant after its installation is 99%. This is a very high rate, which characterizes dental implants as a reliable and successful method of dental treatment. Osseointegration failure of dental implants is only 1% and it is often associated with violations of the operation protocol, improper dental implant care and the incompatibility of implant designs with bone volume or dental implant technique. All these things can be avoided with a careful and responsible approach to dental implants.

One of the main factors that significantly affect healing of implants is the quality of their surface, which comes into direct contact with bone cells, i.e. the portion of the implant immersed in the bone. The whole experience of using the implants, as well as numerous studies have confirmed that the roughness and porosity of the titanium implant surface greatly increases their survival rate as there is a close connection of the implant surface to the bone. And on the contrary, high failure rates of dental implants occur when the surface is too smooth. Therefore, various techniques of dental implant surface modifications have been developed in order to give them roughness and porosity.

The implant surface treatment is final procedure in their production. Today there is a wide range of dental implant designs with different covers, that give them roughness and porosity. The process of applying these coatings on the surface of the implant system is done in different ways. One of them is spraying chemical micro components with dental laser to improve the quality of implant osseointegration.

Thus, any treatment of the implant surface, which enhances their roughness and porosity, contributes to their faster and more reliable healing, which means stability and quality dental prostheses.  Of course, every method of the implant surface treatment before it is widely used in the production, undergoes many control procedures. The method of laser treatment is used to improve characteristics of osseointegrated implants along with other well-proven methods.

The surface implant treatment with a laser beam causes temperature increase and evaporation of the titanium molecules, which leads to the changes in the implant surface topography. Pores can be of different diameter due to variation of laser treatment mode.

The specialists of the company Bio3 Implants confirm the high efficiency of laser-treated titanium implant surfaces. This surface has high purity and does not have adverse chemical residues. All these characteristics contribute to the improvement of implant osseointegration and increases its service life.