The main event in the process of dental implantation, determining its success, is complete osseointegration, i.e. the union of jawbone tissue with material of the implant surface on the biomolecular level. This process takes about 4 months when implanted into the upper jaw and 6 months while inserting the implant into the lower jaw. Thus, to deal with tissue-integrated prosthesis calmly and with confidence, it is necessary to be sure that the artificial root of future “tooth” is firmly fixed in the bone and the relationship of the structure with bone tissue is secure. How to determine it? What happens at different stages of a successful osseointegration?
Osseointegration begins with the development of the young bone shaping around the implant, in the pores and troughs of its rough surface as the trabecular bone. This bone shaping is not strong, so a dental surgeon will recommend you to avoid loading on the inserted implant in the first 2-3 weeks. After shaping the base of bone tissue, its maturation and fixing occur, which take about 18 weeks more. The process of strengthening the bone finishes in the next 1-1.5 when the loading on the restored tooth is allowed and goes unnoticed.
Process of osseointegration depends on many factors such as health status of the patient, the surgical techniques, the accuracy of prosthesis, but, nevertheless, material and design of the implant play the main role. Experts note that dental implants Bio3 due to the quality of titanium, which they are made of, as well as the unique features of the surface heal in a reasonable amount of time and keep high – quality characteristics of osseointegration for a long time. What are these signs?
The signs of reliable connection between titanium implant and bone tissue are:
– Formation of dental ankylosis – fixed implant;
– No signs of inflammation, and therefore reliable relationship with the bone tissue without the formation of the capsule and malatia;
– Positive signs of integration on dental x-ray, such as irritation of bone tissue or the gap between the implant and the bone;
– The surrounding tissue have no signs of inflammation or any pathological changes.
All of these features are provided by titanium as biological tissue response to titanium does not occur. It is observed as a result of bioinert of titanium, there is no ion exchange between the implant and bone tissue, there is no interaction, titanium is not oxidized and there is no corrosive destruction, these are factors that would cause further failure of foreign material. Besides, titanium has a low specific weight, that enables manufacturers of implants to make them lighter and at the same time strong.
Thus, the signs of a successful osseointegration are always accompanied by proper selection of high-quality and reliable implants and their manufacturers are very responsible for the purity of materials and exacting about the functionality of implant systems.