What is better for dental implants: organic or inorganic bone materials?

Implants dentalHalf of dental implant techniques require bone grafting, which is impossible without bone materials of organic or inorganic origin. Only optimum parameters of jaw bones create   the conditions for a successful dental implant procedure without any complications.

Thus, bone atrophy, which occurs in the absence of tooth roots, is not an insuperable obstacle for dental implants. On the contrary, it is important to choose the best option among a variety of bone materials for osteoplasty. Today, bone grafting is in a state of rapid rise, as many studies have been conducted to determine the properties of the bone tissue, as well as its response to donor or synthetic bone material. In order to help patients with bone atrophy, a dental implantologist requires an  access to the  information, independent information,  about  the diversity of  bone materials in the market  because there are  serious selections  problems  for each unique case.

Taking into account the level of materials used in medicine and dentistry today, we can distinguish such types of restorative materials for osteoplasty in origin:

– autologous bone graft material derived from the patient;

– allogeneic bone graft material derived from a human tissue donor;

– xenogeneic bone graft material derived from animals;

– alloplastic bone graft material made from synthetic or natural materials, such as corals.

According to another classification made on the basis of tissue-material interactions, all these materials are divided into:

– osteoinductive

– osteokonductive

– osteoneutral

– materials for guided bone regeneration.

So, the range of choice is rather wide. What advantages has the synthetic bone material as compared to the organic one?  What clinical cases is the organic material more suitable for than the inorganic one?  Before answering these questions it is necessary to remind that there are also different types of osteoplastic procedures, which also affect the choice of bone material for a particular case. The choice of bone grafting technique depends on the objectives and goals, as well as the structure and condition of the jaw bone.

Autografting is the transfer of graft material into a new position in the body of the same  patient. This techniques is used to increase the width of the jaw. Harvested bone material is fixed on the bone graft site with screws and membranes.

Sinus lifting requires material in the form of synthetic powder chips or shavings, as only this material is used to elevate the floor of the maxillary sinus by increasing bone volume.

The use of barrier absorbable (resorbable) membrane also requires the use of bone material.  The growth of bone material is guided by this membrane until it resolves.

Having analyzed all these techniques, the specialists of the company Bio3 Implants consider that the choice of bone material is less important than its optimal application in  each unique case, when  all the features of the clinical  situation of the patient are taken into account.